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Project DictionaryT&MSee Time and Material ContractT&ESee Test and EvaluationTABSee Total Allocated BudgetTAESee Total Anticipated ExpendituresTake-OffA term used for identifying and recording from drawings the material and quantities required for estimating the time and cost for the completion of an activity. TalentA person’s natural aptitude, mental or physical, e.g. creative, artistic, analytical, etc.TargetA goal to be achieved, a mark to shoot at.Target Completion DateA date which project managers strive toward to complete the project. The baselined date for the end of the project.Target CostA goal set for the final total cost which the project team should aim to keep within. Target DateThe date an activity is desired to be started or completed; accepted as the date generated by the initial CPM schedule operation and resource allocation process.Target Finish DateThe user’s imposed finish date for an activity or a project as a whole. Target PlanThe target plan prioritized by critical total float from the current schedule. Target ReportingA method of reporting the current schedule against some established baseline schedule and the computation of variances between them.Target ScheduleSee Baseline.Target Start DateAn imposed starting date on an activity.

TaskA subdivision of an activity. Task ForceA team of experts tasked to investigate a problem and to develop and implement the necessary corrective action.Task ManagerA member of the functional organization who has accepted responsibility for accomplishing project tasks for a project manager. Task TypesCharacterization of task S by resource requirement, responsibility, discipline, jurisdiction, function, etc. TBASee To Be AdvisedTBDSee To Be DeterminedTCSee Target Completion DateTCCCSee Transfer of Care, Custody and ControlTCPISee To Complete Performance IndexTeamTwo or more people working interdependently toward a common goal and a shared reward. Team BuildingThe process of influencing a group of diverse individuals, each with their own goals, needs, and perspectives, to work together effectively for the good of the project such that their team will accomplish more than the sum of their individual efforts could otherwise achieve.Team Decision MakingThe process by which the project manager and his team determine feasible alternatives in the face of a technical, psychological, or political problem, and make a conscious selection of a course of action from among these available alternatives.Team DevelopmentDeveloping skills, as a group and individually, that enhance project performance. Team Development PlanA description of a training program for project team members for enhancing their skills both in the work required for the project as well as in working together as a project team. Team LeaderPerson responsible for managing a stage team. Team LeadershipLeadership may be subdivided into ‘Leadership Techniques’ i.e. methods used for motivation and ‘Leadership Styles’ i.e. the manner in which the leader applies those methods. Team ManagementThe direction of a group of individuals that work as a unit. Effective teams are results-oriented and are committed to project objectives, goals and strategies.Team MembersThe individuals reporting either part-time or full-time to the project manager who are responsible for some aspect of the project’s activities.Team Membership ReassessmentThe initial project team determines if they have the right people on the team. If not, they recommend changes to membership.Team MotivationThe process by which the project manager influences his project team to initiate effort on the project tasks, expend increasing amounts of effort on those tasks, and to persist in expending effort on these tasks over the period of time necessary for project goal accomplishment. Team Reward SystemThe process by which the project team receives recognition for their accomplishments. TeamworkWork done by several associates with each doing a part but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole.Technical AssuranceThe monitoring of the technical integrity of products.Technical Assurance CoordinatorA member of the project assurance team who is responsible for reporting the technical assurance aspects of a project.Technical Base ManagementThe process of ensuring that:

The project’s requirements are clearly stated.The technical base is elaborated with regard to the required quality, technical, safety, environmental and other standards.An appropriate technology strategy is in place.The design is value optimized.Production implementation is effectively managed.Testing plans and practices should be initiated from the outset.Hand-over is effectively managed.Technical DescriptionAn textual account, usually detailed, of the mechanics of all or part of the technology vested in the project. Technical DocumentationUser information and references in support of all or part of the technical aspects of the project Technical ExceptionUnplanned situations relating to an end product. Technical FeasibilityAn assessment of the capability of the proposed project technology to work, and its efficiency, viability, cost effectiveness, etc.Technical FileA file that holds all of the end products to be delivered at the end of a project. Technical GuideA document that guides stage managers, team leaders and technical assurance coordinators on planning the production of products.Technical ManagementThe management of design, production & hand-over Technical ManualWritten technical operating and maintenance information for the user. Technical Performance Measurement The risk management technique of identifying and measuring progress on selected critical parameters. The goal is to identify adverse trends early for timely corrective action. Technical ProductsProducts produced by a project for an end user.Technical Quality AdministrationThe technical process of establishing the plan for monitoring and controlling the project’s satisfactory completion. The plan is designed to include policies and procedures which prevent or correct deviations from requirements/ specifications. Technical Quality SpecificationsThe process of establishing the specific project requirements, including execution criteria and technologies, project design, measurement specifications, and material procurement and control, that satisfy the expectations of the client, stakeholders, and project team. Technical Quality SupportThe process of providing technical training and expertise from one or more support groups to a project in a timely manner.Technical SpecificationsDocumentation which describes, defines or specifies the goods/services to be supplied. See also specifications.TechniqueSkilled means to an end.TechnologyThe practical application of knowledge, especially in a particular area such as engineering. A capability given by the practical application of knowledge. A manner of accomplishing a task especially using technical processes, methods, or knowledge. The specialized aspects of a particular field of endeavor. Technology Development PlanA plan prepared at an early stage of the project encompassing:

Technology forecasting, for example on innovation e.g. “Pre-Planned Product Improvement”.Technology compatibility/interfacing e.g. GroupWare.Operations support e.g. Integrated Logistics Support.Technology ManagementManagement of the technical aspects of project development. TeleconferencingThe holding of a conference among people remote from one another by means of telecommunication devices, e.g. telephones or computer terminals using multimedia, etc. TenderSee Bid.Tender and Award StageThat part of the project life-cycle during which construction contractors are invited to prepare and submit bids, a selection is made and contracts are awarded. See also implementation phase.Tender DocumentSee Procurement Tender Document. TerminationThe end of a project, project phase, stage, activity, or person.Termination for ConvenienceA unilateral right of the buyer to terminate any or all of a contractual effort for any reason at any time. Termination for DefaultBuyer action to cancel a procurement that is not meeting contract requirements. Default relates to failure of the contractor to perform contract work within the specified time or any other provisions of the contract. Termination PhaseThe fourth and final phase in the generic project life cycle. Also known as Final or Close-out Phase. Termination TeamA project team responsible for wrapping up the administrative details of a project. TerminologyThe technical or special terms used in, or peculiar to, a business, art, science, discipline, field, trade, or special subject.TestAny procedure designed to obtain, verify, or provide data for the evaluation of a system, service or product.Test and Evaluation (“T&E”)Measurement and evaluation of system performance compared to specifications. Test CriteriaStandards by which test results and outcomes are judged.Test PlanA document that describes the approach to all development, integration, qualification, and acceptance testing. Usually preceded by one of the following modifiers: system, subsystem, assembly, subassembly, module, etc. Test ProceduresStep by step instructions for the testing to the test plan. Defines test equipment to be used, calibration requirements, test facility requirements, and other factors. Test Readiness Review (“TRR”)A meeting between the buyer and the seller to review the readiness to begin testing. Each TRR is the decision point for approval to proceed with planned qualification tests or acceptance tests to verify that performance specifications have been satisfied in accordance with the verification plan. TestingThat element of inspection that determines the properties or elements, including functional operation of supplies or their components, by the application of established scientific principles and procedures. [D02028]TFSee Total FloatTheoryThe general or abstract principles of a body of fact, a science, or an art. A belief, policy, or procedure proposed or followed as the basis of action. A plausible or scientifically acceptable general principle or body of principles offered to explain phenomena. A hypothesis assumed for the sake of argument or investigation. An unproved assumption. Three Duration TechniqueA method for reducing estimating uncertainty. Three durations are estimated; optimistic, most likely and pessimistic. Either a beta distribution is then used to calculate the estimated duration which is used in a critical path analysis, or Monte Carlo simulations are used to calculate a distribution for the overall project duration.Tied ActivityAn activity that must start within a specified time or immediately after its predecessor’s completion. Tiger TeamA temporary team established to focus on solving an unexpected problem that has arisen and which may have significant impact if not resolved. TimeThe measure of duration.Time AnalysisThe process of calculating the early and late dates for each activity on a project, based on the duration of the activities and the logical relations between them. Time and Material Contract (“T&M”)A contractual form in which the customer agrees to pay the contractor for all time and material used on the project, including a fee as a percentage of all project costs. Time CompressionThe act of reducing the planned time for an activity, accomplished perhaps by adding unplanned staff or using overtime.Time Delay ClaimA request for an extension to the contract dates. Time Estimate UnitSee Calendar Unit. Time Lapse FactorThe typical and necessary delay between the time that a piece of work or activity is released and its actual commencement resulting from preparation time.Time Limited Resource SchedulingSee Resource Smoothing. Time Limited SchedulingSee Time-Limited Resource Scheduling. Time LimitsThe calendar dates and times within which an activity is expected to be performed.Time LineA Schedule line showing key dates and planned events.Time ManagementThe function required to maintain appropriate allocation of time to the overall conduct of the project through the successive stages of its natural life-cycle, (i.e., concept, development, execution, and termination) by means of the processes of time planning, time estimating, time scheduling, and schedule control.Time PeriodsComparing calculated time versus specified time in relation to constraints and time span objectives. Time PhasingThe strategic pacing of the project and the overlapping between different activities or blocks of activities. Time RecordingThe recording of effort done on each activity in order to update a project plan.Time RemainingTime between a status date and a contract milestone date.Time SchedulingThe ordering of the processes required to ensure timely completion of the project. Scheduling consists of activity definition, activity sequencing, activity duration estimating, schedule development, and schedule control.Time SheetA means for recording the actual effort expended against project and non-project activities.Time to CompleteTime required from a status date to meet a contract milestone. Time Value of MoneyA concept that acknowledges that money changes value over a period of time; that a sum of money today is worth more that the same sum of money at a future date, because of the fact that the money received now can be invested to earn interest. Time-Limited SchedulingThe scheduling of activities so predetermined resource availability pools are not exceeded unless the further delay will cause the project finish to be delayed. Activities can be delayed only until their late start date. However, activities will begin when the late start date is reached, even if resource limits are exceeded. networks with negative total float time should not be processed by time-limited scheduling. Time-Phased BudgetThe sum of budgets time-phased in accordance with the baseline schedule. When summed at selected higher level elements of the Work Breakdown Structure, this should include both direct and indirect budgets. Time-Scaled Network DiagramAny project network diagram drawn in such a way that the positioning of the activity represents its expected start and finish date. Essentially, it is a Gantt Chart that includes network logic.TimingSelection, or the ability to select for maximum effect, of the precise moment for beginning or doing something. Observation and recording (as by a stopwatch) of the elapsed time of an act, action, or process.To Be Announced (“TBA”)Usually appearing as the acronym ‘TBA’, a term inserted in a document indicating that information is not currently available but is expected to be available in the future. To Be Determined (“TBD”)Plan content such as dates, specifications, or criteria that have yet to be defined.To Be ResolvedPlan content such as dates, specifications, or criteria that are not final, and are to be resolved by the provider or by the customer as part of the development effort.To Complete Performance Index (“TCPI”)The projected performance which must be achieved on all remaining work in order to meet some financial goal set by management. ToleranceThe permitted cost and time scale limits set by the executive committee for the project or set by the project board. Top DownThe approach to a project whereby it is planned and estimated in increasing levels of detail one level at a time. Top Down Cost EstimatingThe approach to making a cost estimate or plan in which judgment and experience are used to arrive at an overall amount. It is often done by the buyer or the project sponsor and based on subjective estimates on how much the project should cost.Top Down EstimatingSee Parametric Cost Estimating.Top ManagementFrom the viewpoint of the project manager, Top Management includes the individual to whom he or she reports on project matters and other managers senior to that individual. Top-Down EstimatingSee Parametric Cost Estimating. Topical ReviewAny kind of’ project review devoted to a single topic, such as a final design review or a manufacturing review. Total Allocated Budget (“TAB”)The sum of all budgets allocated to the contract. This value is the same as the Contract Budget Base (CBB) unless an Over Target Baseline (OTB) has been established.Total Anticipated Expenditures (“TAE”)The sum of work-to-date plus obligations plus planned future expenditures, all in the current fiscal year. Total CostThe calculated cost of a project, task or resource over the life of a project.Total Float (“TF”)See also Float. Total Float (“TF”)The amount of time (in work units) that an activity may be delayed from its early start without delaying the project finish date. Total float is equal to the late finish or the late start minus the early start of the activity. Total Quality Management (“TQM”)A strategic, integrated management system for customer satisfaction that guides all employees in every aspect of their work. A common approach to implementing a quality improvement program within an organization. Total SlackThe amount of time a task can slip without affecting the project’s finishing date. When the total slack is negative, the duration for a task is too long for its successor to begin on the date required by its constraint. TQMSee Total Quality ManagementTraceabilityThe management and mapping of the parent child relationships of all requirements. Includes from user to system requirements; system requirements to lower level requirements; requirements to design; design to implementation; design to verification; and requirements to validation.TrackingCollecting actual time, cost and resource information and feeding them back into the project plan. Trade-OffIn an analysis or assessment of design alternatives, certain products or certain input resources are interrelated so that increasing one reduces the others. Between such products or resources there is a “trade-off” cost or revenue as one is substituted for another. TransitionPassage from one state, stage, subject, or place to another.Transition PlanPart of the project management plan that describes how the transition from development into operations will be managed. TransmitTo send or convey from one person or place to another.TrendA general tendency (of events, etc.) Trend AnalysesMathematical methods for establishing trends based on past project history. Regression analysis techniques can be used for predicting cost/schedule trends using data from historical projects.Trend LineA line on a schedule or chart showing the pattern of progress that is being set over time, i.e. from measurement period to measurement period. Trend MonitoringA system for tracking the estimated cost/schedule/resources of the project vs. those planned.Trend ReportsIndicators of variations of project control parameters against planned objectives.TrendingThe review of proposed changes in resources allocation and the forecasting of their impact on budget. To be effective, trending should be regularly performed and the impacts on budget plotted graphically. Used in this way trending supports a decision to make a course correction, or seek an authorized a change. Trial BalloonA tentative plan or idea offered to test the reaction of a particular audience. Triple ConstraintThe term used to describe the three key project objectives that must be simultaneously accomplished, namely, the performance specification, the time schedule, and the monetary budget. TRRSee Test Readiness ReviewTurbulenceDisturbance, agitation or tumult.Turnaround ReportA report created especially for the various responsible managers to enter their progress status against a list of activities that are scheduled to be in progress during a particular time window.TurnkeyA form of contract in which a facility or product is to be designed, built, supplied, or installed complete and ready for operation without any specific preparation by the buyer or user.

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